What is Cerebral Stroke?
An interruption or reduction in the supply of blood to the brain causes a cerebral stroke. This lack of supply results in the lack of oxygen or nutrients to the brain and leads to dying of brain cells. Blood flow could also be affected as a result of a ruptured artery to the brain, or blockage.
Although it is a common medical issue, a healthy lifestyle can effectively prevent it.
Strokes are divided into three kinds namely ischemic Stroke, haemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). A cerebral stroke is an emergency that calls for immediate attention by a specialist.
The following symptoms indicate a cerebral stroke:
- A feeling of numbness or paralysis on the face, leg, or arm.
- Difficulty in seeing from one or both eyes.
- A persistent headache.
- Trouble walking, speaking, or understanding.
- Dizziness, or lack of coordination.
- Difficulty controlling bladder or bowel movements.
- Paralysis or weakness on one or both sides of the body.
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Brain Stroke: Tech & Procedures
Siddarth Neuro Hospital is equipped with a wide range of advanced technologies, including the following:
- Biplane Cath Lab
- Intraoperative CT
- Neuro Navigation System
- Intraoperative Neuro Monitoring system
- EEG – Video, Ambulatory & Sphenoidal
- Microscopic Surgery
- High-intensity Microscope & Endoscope
- ENMG (including single ﬁbre EMG) & Intraoperative Evoked Potentials
- Sleep Labs
The treatment depends on which kind of stroke the patient had.
At Siddarth Neuro Hospital, the primary goal in treating Ischemic Stroke is to restore blood flow to the brain. This is done using blood clot-busting drugs such as aspirin, heparin, or tissue plasminogen activators that must be administered within three hours of the Stroke. In addition, surgical procedures may be performed that can open up or widen arteries. These include:
- Carotid Endarterectomy – Removal of plaque and widening of the carotid artery
- Angioplasty – A balloon that widens the carotid artery and is held open with a metallic mesh tube called a stent.
While Haemorrhagic Stroke is treated differently than Ischemic Stroke. Surgical methods used by our team to treat hemorrhagic stroke include:
- Aneurysm Clipping – It consists of a small clamp placed at the base of the aneurysm that isolates it from the circulation of its attached artery and keeps the aneurysm from bursting or re-bleeding.
- Aneurysm Embolisation (coiling) – This involves using a catheter inserted into the aneurysm to deposit a tiny coil that fills the aneurysm, causing clotting and sealing off the aneurysm from arteries.
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) Removal – A surgical procedure to remove usually smaller AVMs or AMVs that are in a more accessible portion of the brain in order to eliminate the risk of rupture.